close
    what is the pituary gland in the human body

    +1  Views: 416 Answers: 3 Posted: 6 years ago

    3 Answers

    Pituitary gland


    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


    Jump to: navigation, search


    Pituitary gland


    Located at the base of the brain, the pituitary gland is protected by a bony structure called the sella turcica (also known as turkish saddle) of the sphenoid bone.


    Median sagittal through the hypophysis of an adult monkey. Semidiagrammatic.
    Latin hypophysis, glandula pituitaria
    Gray's subject #275 1275
    Artery superior hypophyseal artery, infundibular artery, prechiasmal artery, inferior hypophyseal artery, capsular artery, artery of the inferior cavernous sinus[1]
    Precursor neural and oral ectoderm, including Rathke's pouch
    MeSH Pituitary+Gland
    Dorlands/Elsevier Pituitary gland


    In vertebrate anatomy the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea and weighing 0.5 g (0.02 oz.) in humans. It is a protrusion off the bottom of the hypothalamus at the base of the brain, and rests in a small, bony cavity (sella turcica) covered by a dural fold (diaphragma sellae). The pituitary is functionally connected to the hypothalamus by the median eminence via a small tube called the infundibular stem (Pituitary stalk). The pituitary fossa, in which the pituitary gland sits, is situated in the sphenoid bone in the middle cranial fossa at the base of the brain. The pituitary gland secretes nine hormones that regulate homeostasis.

    There is one. It is near the base of the brain.

    There are two, liver and the kidneys


     



    Top contributors in Uncategorized category

     
    ROMOS
    Answers: 18390 / Questions: 154
    Karma: 1097K
     
    Colleen
    Answers: 47518 / Questions: 115
    Karma: 953K
     
    country bumpkin
    Answers: 11091 / Questions: 158
    Karma: 811K
     
    jhharlan
    Answers: 9982 / Questions: 1130
    Karma: 745K
    > Top contributors chart

    Unanswered Questions

    442377
    questions
    711616
    answers
    521660
    users