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    Why does ice float in water instead of sinking?

    +3  Views: 2322 Answers: 12 Posted: 7 years ago
    Mike42

    Because if you are cold as Ice you rise up and say, "Is this heaven or Hell?"

    12 Answers

    A substance floats if it is less dense, or has less mass per unit volume, than other components in a mixture. For example, if you toss a handful of rocks into a bucket of water, the rocks, which are dense compared to the water, will sink. The water, which is less dense than the rocks, will float. Basically, the rocks push the water out of the way, or displace it. For an object to be able to float, it has to displace a weight of fluid equal to its own weight.
    Water reaches its maximum density at 4°C (40°F). As it cools further and freezes into ice, it actually becomes less dense. On the other hand, most substances are most dense in their solid (frozen) state than in their liquid state. Water is different because of hydrogen bonding.


    A water molecule is made from one oxygen atom and two hydrogen atoms, strongly joined to each other with covalent bonds. Water molecules are also attracted to each other by weaker chemical bonds (hydrogen bonds) between the positively-charged hydrogen atoms and the negatively-charged oxygen atoms of neighboring water molecules. As water cools below 4°C, the hydrogen bonds adjust to hold the negatively charged oxygen atoms apart. This produces a crystal lattice, which is commonly known as 'ice'.


    Ice floats because it is about 9% less dense than liquid water. In other words, ice takes up about 9% more space than water, so a liter of ice weighs less than a liter water. The heavier water displaces the lighter ice, so ice floats to the top. One consequence of this is that lakes and rivers freeze from top to bottom, allowing fish to survive even when the surface of a lake has frozen over. If ice sank, the water would be displaced to the top and exposed to the colder temperature, forcing rivers and lakes to fill with ice and freeze solid.

    jeopardymaven

    Beautiful!

    Ice is lighter than the water, simple redneck language.

    Easy answer: It has air trapped in it and it floats to the top.

    Just wanted to bring this one back up because of a similar question, hope it helps.

    Ice floats because it is less dense than liquid water.

    Roger Willcoe

    oh man I thought I would get a Necromancer badge for this one. Answered a question more than 30 days later with at least 2 votes

    ice is bacicly made of water and water dosn't sink into water does it?!...

    Ice is less dense than liquid water, so it floats. In liquid water hydrogen bonds between the O--H of one water molecule and the --H of the water molecules next to it make a more tightly bound, or denser, liquid. Freezing breaks these hydrogen bonds, allowing the ice to take up more room than the water did. So ice is less dense and floats.


    This unusual property of water is very important for life on Earth. It keeps fish from freezing in ponds of solid ice.

    Ice is less dense than liquid water, so it floats. In liquid water hydrogen bonds between the O--H of one water molecule and the --H of the water molecules next to it make a more tightly bound, or denser, liquid. Freezing breaks these hydrogen bonds, allowing the ice to take up more room than the water did. So ice is less dense and floats.


    This unusual property of water is very important for life on Earth. It keeps fish from freezing in ponds of solid ice.

    Because ice has less density then water

    because ice has less density than water

    because ice has less denisty than water

    jeopardymaven

    That's the right idea, but we say "ice is less dense than water".

    Because ice replaces the same amount of density of water instead of adding to it



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